By Chat GPT at Bing, with access to the internet to accurately source references:
Molybdenum is a trace mineral that plays a vital role in many biological processes. Here are some of the key benefits of molybdenum:
- Enzyme Activation: Molybdenum acts as a cofactor for four important enzymes12:
- Sulfite oxidase: Converts sulfite to sulfate, preventing the dangerous buildup of sulfites in the body1.
- Aldehyde oxidase: Breaks down aldehydes, which can be toxic to the body. Also, it helps the liver break down alcohol and some drugs1.
- Xanthine oxidase: Converts xanthine to uric acid. This reaction helps break down nucleotides, the building blocks of DNA, when they’re no longer needed1.
- Mitochondrial amidoxime reducing component (mARC): This enzyme’s function isn’t fully understood, but it’s thought to remove toxic byproducts of metabolism1.
- Detoxification: Molybdenum helps the body detoxify numerous harmful substances2.
- Iron Metabolism: It helps ensure proper function of certain enzyme-dependent processes, including the metabolism of iron2.
- Prevents Free Radical Damage: Molybdenum is known to prevent free radical damage3.
- Arthritis Management: It may help in the management of arthritis3.
- Cancer Prevention: Molybdenum is known to help fight cancer4.
- Protection against Fibrosis, Inflammatory Diseases, Diabetes, and Autoimmune Diseases: Molybdenum may protect against fibrosis, inflammatory diseases, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases4.
- Improves Dental Health: Molybdenum may even prevent tooth decay5.
- Detoxifies Mycotoxins: Molybdenum is reported to improve the detoxification pathway used by the liver for many different mycotoxins12. This can help individuals tolerate foods that might otherwise cause symptoms related to sulfur intolerance1.
- Improves Circulation and Energy Production: While there isn’t direct evidence linking molybdenum to warming up cold hands and feet, maintaining good circulation and energy production is essential for overall health345. However, it’s important to note that cold hands and feet can be a symptom of various conditions, so it’s recommended to consult with a healthcare provider for persistent issues.
- Prevents Nausea from Molybdenum Deficiency: Molybdenum deficiency is extremely rare67. However, in cases of deficiency, symptoms can include nausea8. Supplementation with molybdenum can help alleviate these symptoms8.
- Prevents Racing Heart from Molybdenum Deficiency: In rare cases of molybdenum deficiency, symptoms can include rapid heart rate9. Supplementation with molybdenum can help manage these symptoms9.