The Copper Revolution: Ch 17: Mitochondrial, Immune, and Thyroid Health, Ch 18: Copper increases 7 fold in kidneys loaded with mercury, Ch 19: Copper and Anesthesia, Fat Burning, and overall importance.

Chapter 17: Mitochondrial, Immune, and Thyroid Health

Copper For Mitochondrial, Immune, and Thyroid Health BY MAHMOOD BILAL PHD, DABCC, TS(ABB), MLS(ASCP) AUGUST 12, 2020

Copper boosts ATP, energy production in the mitochondria of the cells. 

Copper boosts the immune system. 

Copper helps make both T4 and T3 thyroid hormones.

Chapter 18: Copper increases 7 fold in kidneys loaded with mercury

Inorganic mercury exposure, mercury-copper interaction, and DMPS treatment in rats

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of oral treatment with sodium 2,3-dimercaptopropane-1-sulfonate (DMPS) on reducing mercury deposits in rat kidney after chronic exposure to inorganic mercury. The effect on kidney copper levels was also evaluated. The results showed that after two months of exposure to 50 ppm of mercury (as mercuric chloride) the concentration of mercury in the kidney was 124 micrograms/g wet tissue. At the same time copper concentration rose from 11 to 77 micrograms/g. DMPS treatment caused 2- and almost 4-fold reduction of mercury and copper, respectively. This study demonstrates that chronic exposure to inorganic mercury may alter metabolism of copper and that DMPS is an effective means for reduction of both mercury and copper.”

I note:  The study also shows that copper increased 7 times more in the kidney, even though no copper was given, because mercury was in the kidney, likely causing damage to tissues.  In other words, copper increasing in the tissues was a result, not a cause of the mercury in the kidney.  The mercury in the kidney is the cause of copper going there!  This has dramatic implications for those who use “association” and “links” between diseased tissues, and those tissues being “high in copper” to draw false conclusions of causation, and wrongly blame copper as a causal agent of diseased tissues.  Not so.  The body is wisely bringing copper to the areas that need healing.

Chapter 19: Copper and Anesthesia, Fat Burning, and overall importance.

Copper and Anesthesia: Clinical Relevance and Management of Copper Related Disorders

“Factors influencing absorption include chemical form of copper, competitive antagonism by other metals (zinc, iron, selenium, cadmium)”
“There are no laboratory markers that are currently accepted as early markers of copper excess [22].”

“Copper deficiency …Early recognition and replacement therapy with oral or parenteral copper may lead to reduced neurological deterioration [35].”

“Copper deficiency in the cardiovascular system can contribute to hypertension, anemia, coagulation abnormalities, and arteriosclerosis.”

“Human studies have suggested that marginal copper deficiency may lead to tachycardia, heart block, and premature ventricular beats [36].”
“6.5. Immune System
Copper deficiency is associated with neutropenia and impaired neutrophil function.”

“Copper deficiency can result in anemia” … “Red blood cell survival time is reduced in copper deficiency”

“Coagulation and fibrinolysis are both affected by copper deficiency. Clot formation is delayed”

Copper may enhance the effect of benzodiazepines (like niacin’s effect as a benzo)?

“Benzodiazepines are used for their sedative-hypnotic properties and may interact with metal ions in vivo affecting their therapeutic actions. Copper-Lorazepam complexes are biologically active, have a rapid onset, and duration more prolonged than Lorazepam itself [80].”

Lorazepam is used to treat seizures.

“Chronic copper deficiency is more relevant to the anesthetist because of anemia, immunosuppression, bleeding diathesis, and neurological deficits including myelopathy, polyneuropathy, and demyelination [85].”

Effect of dietary copper addition on lipid metabolism in rabbits

“Our study showed dietary copper addition (5-45 mg/kg) increased body mass gain, but decreased fat and liver weights compared with those in the control group (P < 0.05). Copper (45 mg/kg) addition significantly increased the skeletal muscle weight, but inhibited cytoplasmic lipid accumulation in liver, skeletal muscle and adipose tissue (P < 0.05).” Increased muscle, lower fat?  Awesome!

Poisoning of Mankind, by C.A. Bouthillier

“…it can be stated with certainty that copper is the single most important nutrient in the body. This is why copper is the target for deprivation and depletion.”